HomeSciencePlant-Based Diets Improve Metabolic,...

Plant-Based Diets Improve Metabolic, Liver, and Kidney Health

Healthy Plant Based Diet Concept

A study reveals that a healthy plant-based diet, involving reduced intake of processed and sugary foods, can decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes by 24% by improving metabolism and organ function.

A plant-based diet has been proven for the first time to improve metabolism and liver and kidney function.

With limitations – as demonstrated in a study led by Tilman Kühn from MedUni Vienna’s Center for Public Health: A more plant-based diet only develops its protective effects if not only the consumption of animal-based foods, but also industrially processed and highly sugary foods is reduced.

For the first time, the scientists identified improvements in metabolism and liver and kidney function as reasons for the positive effects of a healthy plant-based diet, in addition to the associated lower likelihood of obesity. The study results were recently published in the journal Diabetes & Metabolism.

According to analyses by the research team, a healthy plant-based diet with plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables and wholemeal products reduces the risk of diabetes by 24 percent, even in the presence of a genetic predisposition and other diabetes risk factors such as obesity, advanced age or a lack of physical activity.

Unhealthy plant-based diets with a high proportion of sweets, refined grains, and sugary drinks, on the other hand, are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.  

Key biomarkers identified

The research was carried out with 113,097 participants in the large-scale British cohort study (UK Biobank) over an observation period of twelve years. According to their findings, the reasons behind the anti-diabetic effect of a healthy plant-based diet go far beyond the well-known lower body fat percentage and waist circumference.

“Our study is the first to identify biomarkers of central metabolic processes and organ functions as mediators of the health effects of a plant-based diet,” says Tilman Kühn, Professor of Public Health Nutrition at MedUni Vienna and the University of Vienna, who led the study in close collaboration with researchers from Queen’s University Belfast.

The investigations confirmed that normal values for blood lipids (triglycerides), blood sugar (HbA1c), inflammatory parameters (CRP), and the insulin-like growth factor (IGF1) are associated with a low risk of diabetes.

Further benefits discovered

It has also been demonstrated how important the full function of the liver and kidneys is in diabetes prevention. Both organs play a major role in people who already have diabetes.

“However, our research has now shown that a healthy plant-based diet can improve liver and kidney function and thus reduce the risk of diabetes,” says Kühn, outlining a previously underestimated benefit of a conscious plant-based diet.

Reference: “A healthful plant-based diet is associated with lower type 2 diabetes risk via improved metabolic state and organ function: A prospective cohort study” by Alysha S. Thompson, Catharina J. Candussi, Anna Tresserra-Rimbau, Amy Jennings, Nicola P. Bondonno, Claire Hill, Solomon A. Sowah, Aedín Cassidy and Tilman Kühn, 28 November 2023, Diabetes & Metabolism.
DOI: 10.1016/j.diabet.2023.101499

- A word from our sponsors -

Most Popular

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

More from Author

Quantum Leap in Window Technology Delivers Dramatic Energy Savings

Researchers at the University of Notre Dame have developed a new...

Hidden Currents Driving Antarctica’s Rapid Melt

New research highlights how interactions between ocean currents and the ocean...

“Extraordinary Potential” – The New Dawn of Low-Cost, High-Efficiency Solar Cells

Researchers at Soochow University have highlighted the potential for significant advancements...

- A word from our sponsors -

Read Now

A Super Cosmic Ray Accelerator – Chinese Astronomers Discover Giant Ultra-High-Energy Gamma-Ray Bubble

LHAASO has identified a super cosmic ray accelerator in a gamma-ray bubble in the Cygnus region, marking a significant advancement in understanding cosmic rays with energies exceeding 10 PeV and their origins within the Milky Way. Rendering of a giant ultra-high-energy gamma-ray bubble structure. Credit: China Media...

Quantum Leap in Window Technology Delivers Dramatic Energy Savings

Researchers at the University of Notre Dame have developed a new window coating to block heat-generating ultraviolet and infrared light and allow for visible light, regardless of the sun’s angle. Credit: University of Notre DameA new window coating reduces indoor temperatures and energy costs by selectively blocking...

Hidden Currents Driving Antarctica’s Rapid Melt

New research highlights how interactions between ocean currents and the ocean floor, rather than just wind, are crucial in driving the rapid melting of Antarctic ice shelves, posing a threat to global sea levels. Dotson Ice Shelf, Amundsen Sea, Antarctica. Credit: Taewook ParkMeandering ocean currents play an...