Home Technology The European Parliament adopted a draft law limiting artificial intelligence

The European Parliament adopted a draft law limiting artificial intelligence

The European Parliament adopted a draft law limiting artificial intelligence

Europe is trying to regulate the development and application of artificial intelligence
(photo: CC0 Public Domain)

The European Parliament passed a draft law this week that would limit the use of artificial intelligence and also introduce strict rules for AI developers.

The draft AI Act would severely restrict the use of AI software for facial recognition and also require makers of AI systems like the ChatGPT chatbot to disclose more information about the data used to create their products.

The final version of the law is expected to be adopted no earlier than the end of this year, the New York Times reported.

One of the main areas of debate under the new law was the use of facial recognition systems. The European Parliament voted to ban real-time technology, but questions remain about whether exceptions should be made for national security and other law enforcement purposes.

Another provision prohibits companies from collecting biometric data from social networks to create AI databases. This practice gained attention after it was used by facial recognition company Clearview AI.

MEPs also added a ban on the use of emotion recognition technology by law enforcement, border guards, employers and educational institutions.

The classification of high-risk AI systems is expanded in the draft law. It now includes models that MEPs believe could cause significant harm to health, safety, fundamental rights or the social environment, as well as artificial intelligence systems used to influence voters and the outcome of elections.

Major social media platforms that use algorithms to recommend content were also added to the high-risk list by the paper’s authors.

Francine Bennett, acting director of the Ada Lovelace Institute – a London-based organization campaigning for new AI laws – said the EU proposal was a “major milestone”.

“Rapidly evolving and rapidly repurposed technologies are, of course, difficult to regulate when even the companies creating the technology don’t fully understand how things will play out.” However, it would certainly be worse for all of us to continue operating in the complete absence of adequate regulation,” she said.

Technology leaders are also trying to influence the course of the debate. Sam Altman, CEO of OpenAI, has visited at least 100 US lawmakers and other global policymakers in South America, Europe, Africa and Asia in recent months. He called for regulation of AI, but warned that the EU’s proposal could prove prohibitively difficult to implement.

The final version of the law will be agreed between the bodies of the European Union – the European Parliament, the European Commission and the Council of the European Union. Officials hope to reach a final agreement by the end of the year.


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