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Warnings and regulations are coming to artificial intelligence

It is predicted that after the emergence of a European law on artificial intelligence, other regions of the world will borrow elements of the new norm (photo: CC0 Public Domain)

A group of artificial intelligence experts recently signed a warning letter regarding uncontrolled technological development; the statement refers to AI and defines it as a “risk of societal magnitude”. Meanwhile, regulators in the EU are working to finalize their regulations on the use of generative AI, while in the US they are “assessing the risks” of the technology. Will this be enough?

Whatever regulations come into force will inevitably affect someone’s interests. Users want to use AI tools without worry, developers don’t want to be guilty of something, and businesses want to grab the available opportunities as soon as possible.

AI Alert Experts

The start of the month was overshadowed by a warning from a group of experts about the risks of AI. It came from the AI ​​Safety Center. It was short, barely twenty words: “Reducing the risk of AI extinction should be a global priority alongside other societal-scale risks such as pandemics and nuclear war.”

As short as the statement was, so long was the list of signatories: hundreds of scientists, teachers, researchers, investors, journalists, political advisers, etc.

The Center for Artificial Intelligence Safety is a non-profit organization founded with the idea of ​​”society-scale risk reduction” from the introduction of artificial intelligence. The center lists possible problems it suggests AI could create, including use in warfare, disinformation, radicalization of people through the creation of inflammatory content, fraud and algorithm manipulation, or “sudden emergence of new capabilities or purposes” that were not anticipated by the creators of AI.

This new statement comes not long after an open letter from the Future of Life Institute in March 2023, which also warned about the dangers of using AI. The March letter called on companies developing artificial intelligence algorithms to suspend development for six months, possibly under the terms of a moratorium.

The EU and its AI law

It is already known that the European Union is working hard to create a regulation for artificial intelligence. A code of conduct in the field of artificial intelligence is planned to be created in the next few weeks, European Commission Vice President Margrethe Vestager said recently. The proposal talks about external audits and watermarking as part of possible “safeguards” against the misuse of AI-generated content.

Meanwhile, work is also underway to forge a more comprehensive, wide-ranging regulation, the responsibility of the European Commission. Although it traditionally takes two to three years to develop such norms, everyone is aware that the world cannot wait that long. The EU law on artificial intelligence is on the table and will probably be on the agenda of the EU Parliament very soon.

It is an open secret that the whole world is waiting for the emergence of European AI regulation to borrow from it all that can be borrowed. Such was the case with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) – when it came into effect, it became clear that it was the most well-thought-out and well-articulated norm for protecting personal data; soon after its entry into force, a number of countries from all over the world adopted the approach of the European GDPR.

In a similar way, the EU is now expected to “hit the ground running” in the unplowed field of artificial intelligence. The whole world is hoping that the norm the Europeans will apply will be just as well defined – and borrow what they can from it.

Meanwhile, the Group of Seven countries is also looking into the possibility of regulating generative AI. In doing so, it will try to ensure that AI is “accurate, reliable, safe and non-discriminatory,” European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said in comments to Reuters.

US examines ‘risks and opportunities’

The US government is also taking steps in a similar direction. It is working on a plan to “advance a comprehensive and comprehensive approach to the risks and opportunities associated with AI,” National Security Council spokesman Adam Hodge said in a statement released by Bloomberg.

In the United States, individual sentiment in President Biden’s administration is reportedly divided. One half leans toward complete freedom to develop and implement AI so that businesses can remain competitive. The other half support EU-like plans for comprehensive AI regulation.

Regulations and Enterprises

For organizations that make AI-driven products or AI-powered hardware and software, the landscape means staying alert in the coming months. They will have to monitor the progress of regulations such as those proposed by the EU.

Along with them, there may be other regulations that concern the application of artificial intelligence. These could be regional or sectoral norms to be introduced before or around the advent of comprehensive AI laws. For example, the state of California has already drafted a proposal to limit the use of AI in hiring.

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